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제목 JAPA : Volume 3
기간 2001년 파일



Volume 3 No. 1


Integration to the Chinese Society: Korean Minority in China During the Campaign Period(1957-1978)

*Abstract :
This article describes the assimilation policy of the Chinese Communists towards Korean minority in China during the period of campaigns(1957-1978). It argues that this assimilation policy was the basis of China's policy towards her ethnic minorities. It further argues that it was rooted in Chinese nationalism which embraced facets of Sinocentrism. During the period, official Government policy towards the Chosonjok(Korean minority in China) ceased. Instead, other institutions led by Han Chinese took over policy making. The policies were an assimilation into Han Chinese culture based on annihilation of the ethnic identity of Chosonjok. Before 1957, Chinese government policy did not have much impact on the local level of the Korean community. However, through the campaigns, Korean ethnic identity was endangered and the Korean community was in peril. (123 words)


Socioeconomic and Political Factors on the Emergence of a Social Pact in South Korea


*Abstract :
As an alternative for facilitating economic structural adjustment, a social pact for coalition-building among economic actors emerged under the Kim Dae Jung government in South Korea. This article examines what factors affected the emergence of a social pact in South Korea. Previous studies have focused on formal representative institutions like political parties and congress as the independent variables. This article tests the conventional wisdom about the institutional preconditions for successful social pacts in South Korea. From the findings, this article argues that a social pact in South Korea emerged as the results of multi-level institutional contexts, including economic crisis, government's pro-labor characteristics, social linkages between political and labor leaders, and the weak organizational strength of the bargaining partners.


 Agricultural Reform in North Korea: Decollectivization?


*Astract : North Korean agricultural reform of moving away from collective farming has already begun. The government formally approves the formation of family unit farms deviated from the unit management structure of the collective farms while informally acknowledging the development of the farmers market, which is found in a free market. In addition, the concept of independent profit-making unit is uprising, and changes are visible even in the sacred Juche farming. Furthermore, farming in North Korea has been exposed to winds of change from South Korea and overseas countries. As such, the North Korean agricultural reform can be understood as a reform in collective farming, and the change from the agricultural sector can have contingent effects on the rest of the North Korean society.


The WTO Ruling on the Dispute between Kodak Fujifilm: Three Levels of Analysis


*Astract :
This Paper aims at discussing and analyzing the trade dispute between Kodak and Fuji. For many years, the United States has accused Japan of maintaining a closed market system and of encouraging unfair business activities and noncompetitive practices of Japanese companies. Meanwhile, Japan responded that the U.S. allegations were totally groundless and unacceptable. Japan's intransigence inevitably led Washington to handle the photo film dispute through WTO. WTO embarked upon to deal with this case along with three major criteria: measure of application,  benefit accruing, and nullification and impairment. After one and half years' thorough investigation, WTO finally concluded that the U.S. failed to show adequate evidences on Japan's closed market, which means Japan's victory over the U.S. with respect to this film case.   


The End of the "Aid to Families with Dependent Children": Forces for Change and Implication for U.S. Federalism


*Abstract :
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 marked a turing point both in U.S. welfare policy and in U.S. federalism. By replacing the Aid to Families with Dependent Children(AFDC) with the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families(TANF), the Act put an end to the AFDC, 61 year-old federal cash assistance to families in need. Under the TANF, the new U.S. welfare policy shifted its emphasis from workfare to welfare and enhanced the role of states. Among other things, long-standing frustration of white middle class Americans against dependency culture and the reform commitment of President Clinton and Republican majority party in the 104th Congress were the major forces behind the 1996 welfare reform. With respect to the future federal-state relationship,  the Act implies that states are permitted to implement their welfare programs with less intervention of the federal government than they used to under the AFDC.


State-Business Relations in South Korea: Symbiotic or Contentious?


*Astract :
This paper rejects the simple assumption of a cozy and symbiotic state-chaebol relationship. It argues that personal ambition for more market shares through diversification, the policies of the former Kim government to distant itself from the chaebol, and pressures from the international economy provide evidence of a less cozy business-state relationship in South Korea. The movement toward diversification in the Korean chaebol in the 1960s and 1970s and subsequent managerial reforms in the 1990s have been the result of the role of culture and market. Diversification was encouraged by the state, but it is likely that such diversification would have naturally occurred without encouragement from the state given the intense personal ambition and competition between chaebol owners. Later, looking at the Samsung Group, we argued that many of the managerial reforms which are occurring within the chaebol have been the result of a changing market heavily influenced by the state and its desire to distance itself from the chaebol and the negative public opinion often associated with the chae





Volume 3 No. 2


How International Diplomacy Failed the People of East Timor
A Study on the Influence of Relative Gains Concerns on Cooperation: The Case Study of the US-Soviet Cooperation in the 1970s
Industrial Cooperation between Korea and Russia: Current Situation and Prospects
North Korea's Education Policy and System, and External Cooperation with International Organizations
Long-Run Linkages of Financial Liberalization among ASEAN Economies: Results from Bounds Testing Approach
The Articulation of State in Coevolutionary Competition: A Case Study of U.S. and Japanese Semiconductor Industry


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