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제목 JAPA : Volume 7
기간 2005년 파일



Volume 7 No. 1


The Role of Economic and Social Commission for Asia (Escap) and the protection of Human Rights
(Dimitris Liakopoulos)

<Abstract> The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia (Escap) was founded in 1947. During the years, ESCAP's activities are more concentrated on spreading the growth momentum fronts from the more dynamic countries to the rest of the region. In this way ESCAP as a regional organization has called under the mandates of the United Nations to participate and to contribute especially in the field of the protection of human rights in the region of Asia Pacific region.



The Present State of the South and North Korean Economic Cooperation and Tasks for its Activation

(Il-whan Oh)

<Abstract> Both sides of South and North Korean authorities were able to set up a momentum to transform their relation from a hostile relation to a cooperative relation based on concord and peace through the South and North Korean Summit Talk, transition to brand-new cooperative relation targets the establishment of institutional device for concerted development of the two Koreas through reconstruction of the North Korean economy, increasing the living conditions level of North Korean people, mutually complementary economic growth, that is formation of the national unitary economic community.

We have to consider that the heterogeneity between the two Koreas' political and economic systems is so severe, for establishing the national unitary economic community formation strategy. Therefore, a functionalistic method, that is a gradual and stepwise way, should be adapted, in order to keep stimulating North Korea to a minimum level. Then the effects will spread to political and military sectors, and we'll be able to achieve the economic integration, overcoming the revere ideological and systematic gap between the South and North. In this context, it may be desirable to establish an overall, concrete execution plan for reaching formation of a national unitary economic community, and carry it out step by step. Hence, it will be very important to exert all efforts to find more effective ways for increase of mutual dependence of South and North Korean economies, and to concretize them, and to carry them into

The purpose of this study is to examine the current situation of major projects of South and North Korean economic cooperation since the Joint Declaration of South and North Korean Summit Talk in 2000 and to suggest some policy implications for more effective execution of the economic cooperation. The major projects are the Gyeongeui Railway Line Connection Project, Donghae Railway Line Connection Project, Gesung Industrial Complex construction project and Mt. Kumgang Tour Development Project, which were included in the items that were agreed by both sides' authorities of the South and North in the second meeting of the South and North Korean Economic Cooperation Execution Committee, held in August 2002.



A Note for Practicing the Social Welfare in South Korea: Based upon a Psychoanalytic Self-Awareness of Populist Culture

(Manwoo Lee)

<Abstract> This paper deals with the psychoanalytic contribution to practicing the social welfare in the direction of a self-awareness of Korean populism and its cultural pathologies. Populist drive undermines the tolerant political process of informative communication and common purpose in populism may be an idealization and its conviction may rest on narcissism, supported by projective communication. Populist welfare policy suggests a common purpose that binds individuals into political groups with a collective conviction, based on the signifier of master, the People. But psychoanalytic self-reflexive reason mitigates these destructive tendencies, The rigorously reflexive nature of psychoanalysis may bring it into social conflict with some partisan positions taken by political groups from which its populist drive has been drawn, Psychoanalysis has a unique contribution to promote our understanding of the relation between self-reflexive reason and populist drive in making the welfare policy, facing with the cultural matrix of starting from mental motives as a source of creativity.



Review on the Autonomy of Leadership of North Korea: Focusing on the Period of Establishing Socialist Economy after the Korean War

(Mi-kyung Lee)

<Abstract> This thesis tried to examine when and how the leadership of North Korea achieved autonomy. Autonomy means an ability to make its goal and achieve the goal overcoming substantial or potential opposition. Thus, the autonomy of the leadership of North Korea means to maximize the power and status of leader internally, and to sustain relative autonomy and independence externally. It is shown in suggesting independence line that asserting its own way in building socialist economy overcoming both internal and external opposition in post war perod. The independent line of North Korea is resistant because it contains equality between nations, independence, and non-intervention in domestic affairs etc. Also it show its self-confidence to establish equal relations in foreign relationships. Thus the North Korean leader's autonomy was the result of their ideological element such as independence and self-reliance came from its unique historical experience of North Korea that had sustained its regime under continuous influence of foreign powers. And it was derived from the North Korean leader's self-confidence caused by the maintenance of stable regime owing to the remarkable economic growth under the leadership of Kim Il-Sung centered on the singly leadership system since the postwar.



A Road to Democratic Consolidation: the Case of South Africa

(Sungsoo Kim)

<Abstract> The stability and prosperity of future of South Africa would be depended on the fact that all signs of racial capitalism have to be replaced by a democratic and progressive socialist order in order to prevent a major class battle. The ideology of true Marxism would offer a credible alternative to the structural inequities and ravages of capitalism along with limited the power of the executive but legislature. I, not a socialist, believes that if entities of the liberation movement cannot fight for radical alternative to the historical injustices and ravages of capitalism and find a formula for closing the gap between the haves and have nots, then the new South Africa is going for a conflict of unprecedented proportions. In short, the combination of Marxism as a weapon of theory and organized black labor as a political force can bring down racial exploited capitalist system and achieve the just and ideal society envisaged by true Marxism.



South Korea's Role in UN Peacekeeping Operations and its Cooperation with Japan
(Young-Dahl OH)

<Abstract> This paper examine the possibility of security cooperation between South Korea and Japan within the framework of UN Peacekeeping Operations(PKOs). UN PKOs represent quintessential activities of the UN for the maintenance of international peace and security in the international community. As the role of South Korea in the field of UN PKOs is a success story, so Japan has been making a great contribution to the UN PKOs. Nevertheless, Japan's posture toward UN PKOs is unique in that it is exceedingly reluctant in sending out combat units whereas it provides a large amount of human and financial resources for the PKOs due to its Peace Constitution and related laws. This situation might be utilized as an opportunity to consider a security cooperation between South Korea and Japan within UN PKOs as the case of East Timor illustrates.




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